Let’s talk dog nutrition — 6 essential ledderhose disease progression nutrients dogs need –

All living organisms need a wide variety of nutrients — substances from food that provide energy and enable our bodies ledderhose disease progression to function — to survive. There are six major classes of nutrients for dogs and ledderhose disease progression people: water, protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Let’s take a closer look at dog nutrition and six ledderhose disease progression essential nutrients your dog needs to eat:

Why it’s important: Without water, life cannot exist. Water makes up 70 to 80 percent of a mature ledderhose disease progression dog’s lean body mass. Water’s many important functions include: dissolving and transporting nutrients to the cells; helping regulate body temperature; hydrolyzing protein, fat and carbohydrates for digestion; cushioning the organs and nervous system; flushing waste from the body.

Why it’s important: Protein supplies essential and non-essential amino acids that are critical to life. Proteins give the body structure (think strong hair, skin, nails, muscles and bones) and are necessary to make hormones, neurotransmitters, enzymes and antibodies that keep the body functioning optimally. Dogs must receive the essential amino acids from diet, as their bodies cannot produce them at the required levels. Protein can also supply energy in the absence of sufficient ledderhose disease progression carbohydrates and fats. Because the body can’t store protein, it needs a constant dietary supply.

Why it’s important: Fat supplies the most concentrated source of energy, with more than twice as many calories as protein and ledderhose disease progression carbohydrates. It also provides essential omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids; enables absorption of fat-soluble vitamins; protects the internal organs; regulates body temperature; and promotes a healthy nervous system.

What they are: Vitamins are organic compounds (meaning that they contain carbon) that are required in small quantities for proper metabolic function. Vitamins can be soluble in fat (A, D, E and K) or in water (B and C). Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in fatty tissues and the liver, water-soluble vitamins are not stored. Because the body can’t synthesize vitamins in sufficient quantities, they must come from the diet.

What they are: Minerals are inorganic compounds that the body needs to maintain ledderhose disease progression proper metabolic functions. The body cannot manufacture minerals and so must get them ledderhose disease progression from food. There are two classes of minerals: macrominerals (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chloride) and microminerals (iron, copper, zinc, manganese, selenium, iodine). Macrominerals are required by the body in higher levels than ledderhose disease progression microminerals, but both types are equally important.

Why they’re important: Like vitamins, minerals perform a variety of functions in the body that ledderhose disease progression are essential for supporting life, including: constituting a major part of bones (calcium, phosphorus), carrying oxygen throughout the body (iron), assisting in wound healing (zinc), providing antioxidant support (selenium), aiding in nerve transmission (sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium), and regulating fluid balance (sodium, chloride, potassium).

What they are: A macronutrient made up of units of sugars, starches or indigestible fiber. Since dogs can synthesize glucose from sufficient dietary protein and ledderhose disease progression fat, carbohydrates are the only nutrient class that is not essential ledderhose disease progression for dogs. Why they’re important: Carbohydrates are the main source of glucose, the “fuel” the body runs on. Although carbohydrates are not an essential nutrient for dogs, healthy carbohydrates supply important vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and plant-based nutrients that help promote optimum health.